What is phacoemulsification and what you need to know about cataracts

What is phacoemulsification and what you need to know about cataracts

What is Phacoemulsification?

Phacoemulsification is a type of surgery available for cataracts. A small incision gets inflict in the eye from where a probe enters the eye that breaks the cataract with vibration, and a vacuum removes the cloudy lens. After that, an artificially created lens, also known as an intraocular lens, is installed in place of the damaged lens. Phaco surgery is a great method to restore the vision of patients suffering through cataracts. People well-versed in Phaco-surgery are called Phaco-Surgeons. People can choose a Phaco training program to learn the delicate and precise surgical procedure and become qualified personnel. 

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Phaco training in India is quite prevalent due to the growing issues of cataracts. It is also a generally favorable surgery compared to other forms. It is easier and usually requires a smaller incision than the standard procedures (Around 3 MM) and takes lesser time for recovery. The surgery is usually painless and smooth, with none to minimal drawbacks. If required, anesthetics can be given to the patient. Thus, it is a very efficient method to get rid of cataracts in the eyes.

What is Cataract

Our eyes contain natural lenses. These lenses are essential for us to see the world. A cataract is a critical health problem that affects the natural lens of an infected eye. It can affect both of the eyes. The vision starts to turn blurry and causes mild discomfort until the cataract grows. Once it grows, it is capable of completely blurring the vision, or turning the person blind. It can affect anyone but seems to target people over the age of 40. A cataract is one of the major causes of blindness among people which grows with age.  

Symptoms and Signs

  • A cataract starts with minor symptoms in vision. You may notice slightly blurry vision, almost as if looking through a dirty piece of glass, or something entered your eye and seemed to be blurring the vision. If it remains intact for days, becoming cloudy, you most likely have a cataract. 
  • People with cataracts often grow sensitive to light. Light from the sun or bulb may suddenly feel too intense, glaring or bright. Colors also seem to lose their gloss and turn pale to perceive.
  • There are different types of Cataracts. Hence, if you develop something like Nuclear, then it may temporarily improve eyesight like close vision (near vision). However, it will eventually grow worse. These symptoms are usually enough to warrant an appointment with a doctor.

Causes of Cataract

The lens of our eyes is a product of water and protein. In cataracts, the protein starts to collect in the eye and start to cloud the lens. It starts small, but over time, it grows exponentially until it causes complete blindness. There isn’t any particular reason behind the formation of a cataract, according to researchers around the world, the cause can vary greatly. Apart from aging, there are several other factors like genetics and family history. People with problems like diabetes and hypertension are more prone to developing a cataract. Smoking, Obesity, and medicinal side effects can also contribute to the Cataract formation. 

Prevention and Treatment

There aren’t many things one can do to prevent Cataract. Additional measures like wearing sunglasses during sunlight can help in reducing eye damage, thus preventing eye-related issues. However, the field is still under consistent research and studies. There are plausible theories that nutritious diet and incorporating certain vitamins and minerals can help in the prevention of Cataract. Vitamin C and E are the primary requirements, similar to popular believes that they are beneficial to humans in general. Healthy fats like Omega-3 are often associated with great eye health. Hence, nuts like Almonds are directly associated with healthy eyes.

At the beginning phase of Cataract, you will get glasses and other magnification accessories to help you in the daily routine. Once the Cataract grows and becomes a hindrance that can’t be fixed with glasses, surgery may be suggested. Although there are various surgical procedures available, Phacoemulsification remains one of the preferred methods by professionals around the globe. After the surgery, there are certain exercises like eyewear and wearing them for a certain time to improve the vision and undergo optimal recovery. Usually, the treatment is seamless as long as it carried out by an experienced professional.

Risks and Drawbacks

There are minimal to none risks and drawbacks of a Phaco surgery. While there can be mild side-effects, the possibility of them is similar to any side effect from consuming any normal medication. Phacoemulsification is one of the safest forms of eye surgery available. It is quick and does not consume too much time. Individuals who undergo proper Phaco training programs are capable of offering professional services without any complication.

Benefits of Phaco training in India

India is full of competitive spirit among young aspiring students. It is brutal but also beneficial to students as they work hard to surpass each other. The exceptional performance of the students has led institutions and professional industries to increase their expectations. Thus, each student has to offer something unique. Everyone has to prove that they can be a beneficial asset. Phaco training in India is full of the similar competitive ambiance. Furthermore, a student is also developing a perfect skill set to help them in their future endeavors regarding their profession as an Ophthalmologist or Optometrist. 

There are several benefits upon opting for a Phaco training program in India. Several institutions and facilities offer feasible certification programs. Most of these are short term courses ranging from two to six weeks at best. In the duration, a student receives from thirty to a hundred cases to study and practice. Hence, they grow well-versed in the art of phacoemulsification. It is an essential skill for any Ophthalmologist or Optometrist. Apart from the initial course, students also get hospitable amenities, among other facilities. A person will emerge with all the vital knowledge and impeccable skill set of phacoemulsification.

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